The government has claimed that the areas frequented by Maoists have shrunk. In the year 2013, the Maoists had been active in 76 districts of 10 states which come under the jurisdiction of 330 police stations.
The geographical expanse of Maoist violence has considerably shrunk and it was restricted to just 60 districts covering 8 states coming under the jurisdiction of 250 police stations in 2018, says the Union Home Ministry’s annual report.
Most of the Maoist attacks are centered in Chhattisgarh state but even there incidents of Maoist attacks have come down drastically. In 2010 the number of Maoists attacks was 625 and it has come down to 163 in the year 2018 according to the central government report.
A report of the Union government claims that attacks by Maoists have come down after the BJP came to power at the centre in 2014.
But even before that the Maoists started losing their strength. When the UPA government launched its Operation Green Hunt in 2010, the Maoist movement started losing its ground and became weak.
Naxalbari movement was an armed peasant revolt in 1967 spearheaded by Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal in the Naxalbari block of Siliguri sub-division in Darjeeling district, West Bengal. Though the movement was crushed by the state government the movement had made its impact in other states of the country.
Maoists grew in strength in the hilly terrains of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkand, Odisha and Telengana which have sizeable adivasi population. It appeared that many states were not under the control of the centre. Encounters between Maoists and the security forces in many states have become common.
A study of the Maoist movement reveals that the Maoists are only weakened but the reduction in the number of Maoist attacks and their losing ground only point that a phase is over and that they have not been completely eliminated.
Again they will rear their heads in the next few years. There are accusations that the Maoists indulge in intimidation and robbery as they are financed from external sources.
Though the Maoists’ movement has been brought under control in the central India it is a sign of danger. The forest areas of Tamil Nadu, which has been a ‘peace of park’ and the neighbouring states of Kerala and Karnataka, should not become the target of Maoists.
The top police officials of these three states should convene a meeting to handle and face the threat from the Maoists.